|P. falciparum 3D7||Asexual||
| 37819580 (Knock down)
\"Parasites lacking PfOPA3 show severe defects in the development of functional mitochondria; the mitochondria showed reduced activity of mtETC but not ATP synthesis, as evidenced by reduced activity of complex III of the mtETC, and increased sensitivity for drugs targeting DHODH as well as complex III, but not to the drugs targeting complex V. Further, PfOPA3 downregulation leads to reduction in the level of mitochondrial proton transport uncoupling protein (PfUCP) to compensate reduced activity of complex III and maintain proton efflux across the inner membrane. The reduced activity of DHODH, which is responsible for pyrimidine biosynthesis required for nuclear DNA synthesis, resulted in a significant reduction in parasite nuclear division and generation of progeny.\"
|Theo Sanderson, Francis Crick Institute|