Last updated 1 year ago

Disruptability [+]

Species Disruptability Reference Submitter
P. falciparum 3D7
Refractory
22127061 Theo Sanderson, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
P. berghei ANKA
Refractory
RMgm-563 Imported from RMgmDB
P. berghei ANKA
Refractory
PlasmoGEM (Barseq) PlasmoGEM

Mutant phenotypes [+]

Species Stage Phenotype Reference Submitter
P. falciparum 3D7 Asexual
Cell cycle arrest
28211852 (Conditional)
Complete block in nuclear division, much reduced DNA replication
Theo Sanderson, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Imaging data (from Malaria Metabolic Pathways)

e, Nuclear development in PfCRK4-depleted parasites (D10 parent, representative of three biological replicates, and results with P2G12-PfCRK4-HA-DD). Scale bar, 2 μm. f, Immunofluorescence detection of spindle structures in PfCRK4-depleted parasites (P2G12 parent, representative of two biological replicates). Tub, tubulin. Scale bar, 2 μm. g, Quantification of centriolar plaques by immunofluorescence in PfCRK4-depleted parasites (D10 parent; P value, chi-square test; representative of two biological replicates and results with P2G12-PfCRK4-HA-DD). Cen, centrin. Scale bar, 1 μm. Analysis of nuclei stained with fluorescent DNA-specific dyes confirmed that the nuclei did not divide and revealed a substantiallydistorted nuclear morphology (e). Hemispindle structures were evident in PfCRK4-depleted cells (f); however, they were greatlyenlarged relative to spindles in wild-type parasites and might account for the nuclear distortion.Ganter M, Goldberg JM, Dvorin JD, Paulo JA, King JG, Tripathi AK, Paul AS, Yang J, Coppens I, Jiang RH, Elsworth B, Baker DA, Dinglasan RR, Gygi SP, Duraisingh MT. Plasmodium falciparum CRK4 directs continuous rounds of DNA replication during schizogony. Nat Microbiol. 2017 2:17017

See original on MMP

Nuclear-localized PfCRK4 is essential for the trophozoite-to-schizont transition and DNA replication. a, Domain structure of PfCRK4. Blue, kinase domain; yellow, kinase domain insertions relative to human CDK2; red, predicted nuclear localization signal (NLS); asterisk, active site residues; 1 and 1,553, first and last amino acid (AA), respectively. b, Immunofluorescence detection of PfCRK4-HA-DD in blood-stage parasites (representative of three biological replicates). Scale bar, 3 μm. c, Light microscopy of May–Grünwald–Giemsa-stained PfCRK4-depleted parasites (D10 parent, representative of two biological replicates and results with P2G12-PfCRK4-HA-DD). DIC, differential interference contrast. Scale bar, 2 μm. d, Ultrastructure of PfCRK4-depleted par sites. PfCRK4 is localized to the nucleus of late trophozoites and schizonts, with the signal greatly diminished in segmented schizonts that have undergone cytokinesis (b). Following conditional depletion of PfCRK4 (d), parasites arrested at the trophozoite-to-schizont transition (c). At ≥40 h post invasion (h.p.i.), parasites [+] Shield-1 (that is, wild-type PfCRK4 levels) segmented into daughter cells containing nuclei and rhoptries (apical organelles required for merozoite invasion), which are characteristic of mature schizonts (d, top). In contrast, parasites cultured [–] Shield-1 (that is, PfCRK4 is depleted) showed no nuclear division or apical organelle biogenesis (d bottom).Ganter M, Goldberg JM, Dvorin JD, Paulo JA, King JG, Tripathi AK, Paul AS, Yang J, Coppens I, Jiang RH, Elsworth B, Baker DA, Dinglasan RR, Gygi SP, Duraisingh MT. Plasmodium falciparum CRK4 directs continuous rounds of DNA replication during schizogony. Nat Microbiol. 2017 2:17017 PMID: 28211852

See original on MMP

More information

PlasmoDB PF3D7_0317200
GeneDB PF3D7_0317200
Malaria Metabolic Pathways Localisation images
Pathways mapped to
Previous ID(s) MAL3P6.10, PFC0755c
Orthologs PBANKA_0808000 , PCHAS_0808300 , PKNH_0824600 , PVP01_0822900 , PVX_095370 , PY17X_0811200
Google Scholar Search for all mentions of this gene