Last updated 9 months ago

Disruptability [+]

Species Disruptability Reference Submitter
P. berghei ANKA
Refractory
RMgm-821 Imported from RMgmDB

Mutant phenotypes [+]

Species Stage Phenotype Reference Submitter
P. falciparum 3D7 Asexual
Cell cycle arrest
28288121 (Conditional)
Knock-sideways to nucleus or diCre gene excision led to arrest at the late schizont stage
Theo Sanderson, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Imaging data (from Malaria Metabolic Pathways)

Confocal immunofluorescence with either anti-PfRab5a (A) or anti-PfRab5c (B) in untreated parasites (control) compared to fosmidomycin (+ FSM) and fosmidomycin + geranylgeraniol (+FSM +GG-ol) treated parasites. Pf-Rab5a and Pf-Rab5c were dispersed in punctae throughout malaria parasite cells. Upon fosmidomycin treatment, a dramatic mislocalization of Rab5a occurred in the majority of treated cells, such that Rab5a was no longer present within the parasite cell, but instead was found at the membrane of the host erythrocyte.Howe R, Kelly M, Jimah J, Hodge D, Odom AR. Isoprenoid biosynthesis inhibition disrupts Rab5 localization and food vacuolar integrity in Plasmodium falciparum. Eukaryot Cell. 2013 12(2):215-23 .

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PfRab5B colocalises with PfMSP1 and PfCK1, but not with haemoglobin. (A) PfRab5A colocalises with haemoglobin (HBA1) containing vesicles unlike PfRab5B. (B) PfRab5B colocalises to differing degrees with the C-terminal 19 kDa fragment of PfMSP1 on structures close to the food vacuole and the parasite nucleus shown in blue by DAPI staining. (C) PfRab5B colocalises with PfCK1 on intracellular structures and at the parasite plasma membrane. Areas of colocalistaion are shown in white and used to calculate Pearson’s r coefficients. Scale bars, 2 mm.Ezougou CN, Ben-Rached F, Moss DK, Lin JW, Black S, Knuepfer E, Green JL, Khan SM, Mukhopadhyay A, Janse CJ, Coppens I, Yera H, Holder AA, Langsley G. Plasmodium falciparum Rab5B Is an N-Terminally Myristoylated Rab GTPase That Is Targeted to the Parasite's Plasma and Food Vacuole Membranes. PLoS One. 2014 9(2):e87695

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Immunolocalization of a constitutively active GTPase mutant of Rab5a. The immunoelectron micrograph shows a parasite expressing GFP-Rab5a (Q102L) - a constitutively active mutation. The section was probed with gold-conjugated anti-GFP antisera. Note that numerous gold particles decorate the hemoglobin-containing vacuole (HV) (Inset). The food vacuole (FV) and the nucleus (N) are indicated. (Scale bar, 1 µm.) Because this is merely 2D immuno-TEM, we cannot precisely determine whether the parasite is a trophozoite or a schizont.Elliott DA, McIntosh MT, Hosgood HD 3rd, Chen S, Zhang G, Baevova P, Joiner KA. Four distinct pathways of hemoglobin uptake in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 105(7):2463-8. PMID:

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Mislocalization of Rab5 proteins by fosmidomycin treatment. (A and B) Confocal immunofluorescence with either anti-PfRab5a (A) or anti-PfRab5c (B) antibody in untreated parasites (control) compared to fosmidomycin-treated (FSM) and fosmidomycin- and geranylgeraniol-treated (FSM GG-ol) parasites. FITC, fluorescein isothiocyanate. protein prenylation is typically required for the localization and function of small GTPases, such as Rab5. Pf-Rab5a and Pf-Rab5c were dispersed in punctae throughout malaria parasite cells . Upon fosmidomycin treatment, a dramatic mislocalization of Rab5a occurred in the majority of treated cells, such that Rab5a was no longer present within the parasite cell but instead was found at the membrane of the host erythrocyte. Similarly, fosmidomycin treatment mislocalized Rab5c, which became diffusely localized throughout both the parasite cell and the host erythrocyte cytoplasm.Howe R, Kelly M, Jimah J, Hodge D, Odom AR. Isoprenoid biosynthesis inhibition disrupts Rab5 localization and food vacuolar integrity in Plasmodium falciparum. Eukaryot Cell. 2013 Feb;12(2):215-23. PMID:

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Functional analysis of N-terminally tagged Rab5a. (a–c) Cell lines comparing KS (a) and KS in the presence of a complementing functional copy of Rab5a (b) and after gene excision (c). Left, representative fluorescence microscopy images. Three different GFP-2×FKBP-Rab5a parasite lines were generated to perform KS with a nuclear mislocalizer (cell line 1), KS in the presence of a complementary copy of Rab5a (cell line 2) or excision of the functional gene with inducible Cre recombinase9–11 (cell line 3). After addition of rapalog to cell line 1, GFP-2×FKBP-Rab5a was efficiently mislocalized into the nucleus, and no detectable protein remained in the cytoplasm (a). In contrast, the second cell line, which expressed a complementary copy of Rab5a in addition to GFP-2×FKBP-Rab5a, grew normally after rapalog addition (b). In the third cell line, rapalog addition to dimerize split Cre led to excision of the functional copy of rab5a and to a phenotype comparable (c).Birnbaum J, Flemming S, Reichard N, Soares AB, Mesén-Ramírez P, Jonscher E, Bergmann B, Spielmann T. A genetic system to study Plasmodium falciparum protein function. Nat Methods. 2017 Mar 13. PMID: 28288121

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More information

PlasmoDB PF3D7_0211200
GeneDB PF3D7_0211200
Malaria Metabolic Pathways Localisation images
Pathways mapped to
Previous ID(s) PF02_0104, PFB0500c
Orthologs PBANKA_0308000 , PCHAS_0310200 , PKNH_0410100 , PVP01_0413800 , PVX_002970 , PY17X_0308600
Google Scholar Search for all mentions of this gene